Atlantic Lottery celebrated a phenomenal year in 2021-22, with impressive achievements in a number of business categories. At the same time, Atlantic Lottery remains dedicated to our core values of healthy play and responsible gambling (RG). This year, the Responsible Gambling Council awarded the RG Check Accreditation to both Red Shores and our alc.ca platform.
This is no small feat – it’s one of the most comprehensive responsible gambling accreditations in the world, and it means Atlantic Lottery meets dozens of rigorous standards and criteria to promote healthy play.
As Atlantic Canada’s only 100 per cent legal and government-regulated provider of online gambling and sports-betting products, we aim to provide fun games that adults can enjoy as a form of entertainment. Unlike unregulated online gambling sites that are not legally permitted to operate or advertise in Atlantic Canada, Atlantic Lottery is accountable to government regulators and our profit stays in our region. We are always working to enhance our approach to healthy play by providing positive and inclusive tools to promote player education and awareness.
Throughout the annual report, you’ll see that we managed to break several significant records. We achieved a record-breaking profit of $438.1 million; our Lotto Max sales were at an all-time high; and PRO•LINE gross sales jumped 43 per cent over the previous record, which was set in 2020-21.
Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Atlantic Lottery implemented measures throughout the year based on public health recommendations to protect our players. Despite these impacts, Red Shores Racetrack & Casino saw net revenues of $17.6 million, a growth of $5.4 million over the previous year. We also saw increased interest in the launch of new Casino games and features, with net revenue of $77 million overall in the iGaming category. This marks an impressive increase of $34 million over 2020-21.
As we continue to expand our offerings and provide the quality products Atlantic Canadians expect from us in the year ahead, social responsibility and healthy play will remain at the core of who we are. The Board looks forward to seeing Atlantic Lottery continue to break new records as we grow and evolve to meet the needs of our customers.
C. Sean O’Connor, CPA, CA
Chair, Board of Directors
Over the past year, we have seen Atlantic Canada start to open back up and begin to recover from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, giving us the opportunity to once again enjoy many of our favourite activities with the people we love.
We recognize how difficult the last couple of years have been for Atlantic Canadian residents and organizations, which is why Atlantic Lottery has continued to support important causes in our region through fundraising and volunteering. Now, we welcome the opportunity to return to our roots of supporting community celebrations, festivals and events.
With a record $438.1 million in profit, this year was a real success story for Atlantic Lottery. We owe this success to our dedicated employees who live and work right here in Atlantic Canada. They have continued to show up and deliver results for our players, retailers and shareholders. Our success does more than benefit us as a company – it benefits all Atlantic Canadians, with 100 per cent of our profit returned to the four Atlantic provinces to support the essential services and programs we all use.
Atlantic Lottery has worked hard to find innovative ways to stay connected with our communities during the pandemic, and we are always evolving to provide compelling digital games and experiences for our players, with healthy play front of mind. We will continue to improve our online presence in the coming months to give our customers access to exciting new offerings through safe and secure platforms. As always, we aim to delight our players with games they can enjoy responsibly as entertainment in all settings. In addition to our online games, we are exploring new ways to enhance our retail and venue spaces to ensure our customers have the quality, entertaining experiences they expect.
Like many Atlantic Canadians, we’ve missed the sense of personal connection that comes with in-person activities. As we look ahead to 2022-23, we are excited to see Atlantic Lottery’s community focus come back in full force and we look forward to supporting many more events throughout our region.
I want to thank our players for their ongoing loyalty and support. I am also grateful to the four Atlantic Canadian provincial governments for their continued collaboration and stewardship.
In the past year, Atlantic Lottery has made incredible progress as a company, never losing sight of our vision and purpose. In the year ahead, I hope you’ll join us in sharing our joy of play and our love of Atlantic Canada.
President and CEO
Every business decision at Atlantic Lottery is made through the lens of balancing social responsibility with delivering sustainable returns for Atlantic Canadians to help fund essential programs and services throughout the region.
In 2021-22, Atlantic Lottery was able to navigate the uncertainty of the COVID-19 pandemic and still return $438.1 million to the four Atlantic Canadian provincial governments. This increase of $91.6 million over the previous year was driven by an increased focus on digital channels and a successful recovery from the impacts of the pandemic, marking the most profitable year in Atlantic Lottery's history.
Overall in 2021-22, $210.2 million was delivered from the Destination line of business and $227.9 million from the Retail and iLottery lines of business.
The Destination line of business result was $33.9 million under budget while the Retail and iLottery lines of business partially offset this budget shortfall by exceeding its commitment to the provinces by $31.6 million. The underperformance in Destination is a direct result of safety measures implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, which included temporary shutdowns of our Video Lottery Retailer sites.
In addition to the profit distributed to the provincial governments, Atlantic Lottery remitted $50 million to the provincial and federal governments in taxes and federal contributions.
Atlantic Lottery experienced record sales through its alc.ca platform in 2021-22, surpassing the record set in the prior year. The iLottery share of net profit increased to 18 per cent in 2021-22 from 16 per cent the previous year, while the share of gross gaming revenue (GGR) from the iLottery line of business increased three per cent from the prior year.
Thanks to leading-edge product offerings and the continued emphasis on Atlantic Lottery as the only 100 per cent legal online gambling option in the region, the number of Atlantic Canadians with active accounts continues to grow. This demonstrates the importance of the online space and the future viability of this line of business, even with the increasing industry competition as more illegal sites are entering the market.
Throughout the year, Atlantic Lottery also experienced record-breaking Lotto Max jackpots in the first quarter, when the national brand reached a jackpot of $70 million, plus 70 MaxMillions.
Red Shores delivered a profit of $2.8 million, representing an increase over budget of 158 per cent. 2021-22 was the most profitable year in Red Shores’ history, which was driven by strong results on the gaming floor.
Atlantic Lottery is committed to building a stronger Atlantic Canada by giving back to our communities, making meaningful contributions and promoting healthy play. As a publicly owned corporation, and as a regulated and responsible gambling provider, we consider social responsibility (SR) in everything we do. This allows our players to have fun, play responsibly and take pride in the knowledge that all of Atlantic Lottery’s profit supports key programs and services throughout the four Atlantic provinces.
Our new SR strategy consists of three pillars: Entertaining Product Offerings, Extended Enterprise Partnerships and Meaningful Contributions.
|Entertaining Product Offerings||PlayWise Fun & Healthy Play|
|Extended Enterprise Partnerships||Long-Term Impact Opportunities|
|Meaningful Contributions||Representative of and Positively Impacting Our Communities|
Atlantic Lottery games are fun to play, and we want Atlantic Canadian adults to enjoy them as a form of entertainment. It’s important to us that our players understand how our games work, decide how much time they want to play and play within their means. We’re committed to healthy play, which includes positive, inclusive approaches to player education, increased awareness and providing more tools and interactions to promote play for fun and entertainment.
We continue to improve our healthy play efforts through our PlayWise brand, which helps players make informed decisions by providing information on:
For more than 16 years, Atlantic Lottery has hosted Community Partnership Day events throughout Atlantic Canada. This is part of our ongoing commitment to encourage healthy play and support those who are experiencing concerns related to their gambling. This year, we hosted eight Community Partnership Days to focus on the various gambling-related training needs of our community partners.
During 2021-22, we continued to go the extra mile for our players. We followed all pandemic-related public health measures in our region and implemented additional measures as needed. This included:
Atlantic Lottery is proud to be the only 100 per cent legal and government-regulated provider of online gambling and sports-betting products in Atlantic Canada. Atlantic Canadians are playing on and seeing advertising from other unregulated gambling sites without realizing they cannot legally operate or advertise in Atlantic Canada under Canadian and provincial laws. It’s important that Atlantic Canadians understand that the operators of these sites are not accountable to provincial or federal regulators and, unlike Atlantic Lottery, their profit does not stay in our region.
Atlantic Lottery is further set apart by our commitment to healthy play and responsible gambling (RG), one of our core values. In 2021-22, our online alc.ca platform and Red Shores were both awarded the RG Check Accreditation, one of the most comprehensive responsible gambling accreditation programs in the world, offered by the Responsible Gambling Council. This accreditation means we must meet dozens of comprehensive standards and criteria to promote healthy play.
The RG Check Accreditation is subject to a renewal process every three years. As we continue to expand our online gambling options, Atlantic Lottery is committed to providing more features and information to encourage healthy play, expanding on tools that are already in place, such as:
Players can also gain a better understanding of their play and how it is evolving over time through our PlayWise Rating, an industry-leading online Responsible Gambling tool that provides players a confidential personal play rating, at the behavioural level, and based on their activities at alc.ca.
By focusing on healthy play, Atlantic Lottery aims to put our players first while contributing to our goal of building and maintaining a sustainable player base.
Part of Atlantic Lottery’s mandate is to give back to all four Atlantic provinces to help create a better place for everyone who calls this region home, including our employees who live and work here. This means supporting festivals, exhibitions and events that celebrate the culture and diversity of our region. We also contribute to community organizations, fundraisers and volunteering efforts throughout the year.
While Atlantic Lottery was able to support a number of in-person activities in 2021-22, some large festivals and events continued to be impacted by the pandemic. Despite these challenges, we continued to find innovative ways to give back. Here are a few highlights from the past year:
Atlantic Lottery returns 100 per cent of our profit to our four shareholder governments every year, contributing to the regional economy and funding vital services, including health care, education and infrastructure.
We are committed to achieving results through responsible growth. A breakdown of how Atlantic Lottery’s revenue was allocated in 2021-22 shows that 92 cents of every lottery dollar stayed in the four Atlantic Canadian provinces.
Atlantic Lottery awarded $439.7 million in prizes to winners across Atlantic Canada.
We returned $438.1 million in profit to the four Atlantic provinces to help fund the important services we all use.
Retailers received $111.4 million in commissions. Nearly 4,000 Atlantic Canadian businesses earn income from the sale of Atlantic Lottery products.
Overall operations contributed indirectly to more than 7,915 jobs and $1.7 billion in economic activity across the region.
Atlantic Lottery employs more than 642 people in all four Atlantic provinces. They live, work and spend their salaries in our communities.
Atlantic Lottery sometimes partners with companies outside of the region, depending on the needs and the availability of third parties and the services they provide.
Atlantic Lottery pays taxes too, contributing more funds to governments in support of essential services for Atlantic Canadians.
Last year, 792 Atlantic Canadians won a prize of $10,000 or more on Atlantic Lottery products. That’s up from 721 major winners the previous year.
Major wins ($10,000 or more) by province
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
Atlantic Lottery’s balanced scorecard presents, measures and reports on specific corporate metrics that have been identified as key to realizing the operating plan and long-term strategic plan. Each year, the scorecard is established by Atlantic Lottery’s management team and the Board of Directors. Its measures are essential to ensuring Atlantic Lottery continues to adapt to and excel within its evolving competitive environment.
|Known Players *||340,945||390,376|
|Gross Operating Revenue **||$753.9M||$748.2M|
|Digital Experience Value ***||$184.5M||$150.3M|
|Unfavorable Opinion Among Involved Atlantic Canadians||26%||25.5%|
* Total number of verified unique accounts that have been active on alc.ca or have entered retail tickets via 2Chance in the previous 12 months.
** Revenue less prizes paid to players.
*** Calculated as GGR (Gross Gaming Revenue) on digital transactions occurring at retail, sales on alc.ca and the value associated with retail products entered digitally post-purchase.
The below provides an overview of the financial position of Atlantic Lottery for the year ended March 31, 2022 and is to be read in conjunction with the associated audited consolidated financial statements and note disclosures which are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Refer to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (note 1 and 2) for additional detail regarding the nature of operations for Atlantic Lottery and the significant accounting policies employed.
In 2021-22, Atlantic Lottery’s continued priority is to increase the profit that is returned to our shareholders while offering the most responsible products and resources to our players. As seen through the balance sheet performance, we remain committed to supporting our retail partners, funding new investments through innovative product offerings and preserving a healthy pension plan to support past, present and future employees. All this while maintaining a strong cash flow which is detailed in the Statement of Cash Flows.
Atlantic Lottery has been very proud to offer extended payment terms during the COVID-19 shutdowns to retailers in the event that they were forced to close due to pandemic restrictions. This is just another way that Atlantic Lottery supported the local community. As we approached year end, various restrictions and closures were lifted allowing retailers to return to normal operations.
Although the depreciation and amortization expense has exceeded the investment in equipment and intangibles, Atlantic Lottery continues to invest in new product offerings to ensure a strong position for future success and to strengthen our market share in the face of an increasingly competitive industry. These investing decisions are in line with the management team’s strategy to prioritize projects and ensure responsible cash management policies while we continue to navigate the uncertainty of COVID-19.
Regarding the pension plan, the most recent actuarial valuation has the plan assets far outweighing the plan obligations, which shows the strength and sustainability of the plan. The post-employment benefits are also in a favourable position as the changes in demographic and financial assumptions have resulted in a decrease to the obligation. The changes in actuarial assumptions have increased the balance of the outstanding shareholder’s equity.
As a result of the strong performance, Atlantic Lottery was able to operate without the need for additional debt requirements, allowing the existing debt obligations to be paid down. These strong results ultimately allowed Atlantic Lottery to return more profit to the shareholders, resulting in more funds going back to support Atlantic Canadians.
|Total Shareholders’ Equity||$126,587||$89,877||$36,710||40.8%|
|(Thousands of dollars)||2021-22||2020-21||Variance|
|Gross Profit % of Revenue||82.1%||82.4%||(0.3%)|
|Operating Expenses % of Revenue||17.5%||20.9%||(3.4%)|
|Net Profit % of Revenue||58.1%||54.3%||3.8%|
*Consolidated Net Profit includes gain from subsidiary of $0.1M
Revenue consists of gross sales less consideration paid to the player (prize expense). The year-over-year increase in revenue is driven by increasing performance across all lines of business. The most significant increase of $54.6 million is in the Destination line of business due to the loosening of pandemic restrictions allowing more Video Lottery retailers to resume operations. In addition, Red Shores had its most profitable year to date. The iLottery line of business saw an increase of $38.1 million due to the continued strong performance of the Digital Instant and Casino brands. In the Retail line of business, there was an increase of $23.2 million due to increased foot traffic at retailer sites, driving up the Instant category. The Draw category also saw an uplift due to record-breaking Lotto Max jackpots.
Direct expenses include commissions paid to retailers of $111.4 million, up $15.5 million or 16 per cent from the prior year. The increase is tied directly to the higher revenue, more specifically Video Lottery revenue as the commission on that product is higher than products in the retail channel. Ticket and selling costs of $23.2 million are $7.2 million over the prior year, driven by the revenue share on iGames as performance grows.
Operating expenses are down $1.7 million from the prior year. Atlantic Lottery has remained diligent in monitoring where the funds are spent to maximize the profit returned to the provinces. The overall decrease can be tied back to decreasing pension costs and declining depreciation and amortization expense, driven by the useful lives of our capital investments. These savings were partially offset by a commitment to increasing player experience through the use of technology and marketing initiatives, in addition to a commitment to supporting employee and retailer experience through outsourced support when needed.
The statement of cash flow provides the basis to assess the generation and spending of cash.
Operating activities presents the net of cash inflows and outflows from regular business activities. Using the indirect method, the strong net profit results are adjusted for non-cash items such as depreciation and amortization and non-cash working capital. The result is a total of$478.6 million generated in cash flow from regular business activities.
Investing activities represents the amount spent on property, equipment and intangible assets, and net of proceeds on asset disposals. Atlantic Lottery is focused on the future viability of operations and has therefore made necessary decisions to invest in valuable capital assets. The major areas of focus for 2021-22 were around the requirement to modernize our player offerings and focus on digital enhancements. Therefore, the most significant investments are specific to the retail rejuvenation project, the 2022-23 rollout of self-serve terminals and the investment in new hardware and software.
Financing activities reflect cash inflows and outflows relating to debt. As a result of the strong 2021-22 performance, Atlantic Lottery required no additional debt and focused on the repayment of existing debt commitments.
Overall, the net change for cash in 2021-22 is an increase of $3.9 million.
|(Thousands of dollars)||2021-22||2020-21|
|Distribution to Shareholders||(438,138)||(346,703)|
|Change in Cash Balance||3,898||6,287|
|Opening Cash Balance||36,040||29,753|
|Closing Cash Balance||39,938||36,040|
The draws category delivered net revenue of $182.1 million, an increase of $8.4 million or five per cent from the previous fiscal year.
Lotto 6/49 net revenue finished the year at $37.8 million, which is $800,000 more than the previous fiscal year. This year-over-year growth was driven by four more jackpots of $20 million or more awarded in 2021-22, compared to the prior year. The jackpot surpassed $30 million twice in 2021-22. Sales were flat compared to the 2020-21 fiscal year, with a total aggregate jackpot up six per cent. Seven Super Draw events took place with a blended sales lift of 21 per cent. Lotto 6/49 had a higher share of sales on alc.ca than budgeted, with 20.3 per cent, compared to a budget of 18 per cent.
In 2021-22 net revenue for Lotto Max reached $72.2 million, surpassing the previous year’s net revenue by $6.7 million. When the Lotto Max jackpot reaches $50 million, additional $1 million Maxmillions draws are also offered. These Maxmillions events occurred 35 times in both 2021-22, which is the same amount as the previous year. The sales increase compared to the prior fiscal year was driven by a more favourable roll pattern. With four more $70-million jackpots and five fewer base jackpots in 2021-22, Lotto Max sales were record-breaking and delivered the most appealing roll patterns since the addition of the second weekly Lotto Max draw in May 2019. Lotto Max awarded five record jackpots in 2021-22, up to $70 million, plus 70 Maxmillions. Lotto Max had a higher share of sales on alc.ca than budgeted, with 21.9 per cent, compared to a budget of 18 per cent.
Scratch’N Win net revenue was $81.7 million in 2021-22, an increase of $7.3 million or 10 per cent over 2020-21, which met budget targets. The main driver of the growth was found in Newfoundland & Labrador, which had experienced significant negative sales impacts from COVID-19 in 2020-21 but bounced back in 2021-22, contributing the bulk of the year-over-year increase of $7 million. While performance in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia exceeded the prior year, this was offset by lower revenues in New Brunswick.
Looking at performance by brand, Crossword net revenues were five per cent below the previous year. Of note, most price points within the brand experienced soft sales, with higher price points being impacted by the launch of $10 Bingo Grand. In contrast, Bingo performance was up 17 per cent due to the launch of Bingo Grand. Set for Life revenue was 30 per cent higher than the previous year due to improvement in Newfoundland & Labrador performance and a campaign that supported Set for Life products in the fourth quarter. National games results were 19 per cent below the prior year due to the launch of the Jackpot Family series in 2020-21 and the fact that Atlantic Lottery did not participate in as many national games with other Canadian lotteries in 2021-22 as in the previous year. Variety game revenues were up by 35 per cent mostly due to more variety games launched in place of the Jackpot Family series and increased print runs of $5 games.
Breakopen net revenue was $36.5 million, an increase of $9 million or 33 per cent over 2020-21. Breakopen sales have started to stabilize after significant impacts in 2020-21 including COVID-19 and the reimplementation of barcoded Breakopen starting in November 2020. A full rollout of barcoded Breakopen was achieved in 2021-22 with all products, including seasonal products, implemented by the end of the first quarter. Year-over-year performance improved in all provinces with Newfoundland & Labrador contributing over $7 million of the total growth, which represents about 61 per cent of Breakopen revenues.
iGaming net revenue reached $76.9 million in 2021-22, a growth of $33.7 million or 78 per cent over 2020-21. This success can be attributed to various external and internal factors. For example, COVID-19 restrictions have continued to lead players to gravitate towards online gaming as a form of entertainment. This increase in player base helped the overall category’s growth. In addition, a regular cadence of Digital Instants and Casino game launches and product features, supported with marketing tactics and strong player-focused promotions, has contributed to the category’s strong performance.
Atlantic Lottery will continue to evolve our approach to digital offerings to ensure we continue to meet the expectations of our customers and provide them with a high-quality online experience. As our range of online products grows, Atlantic Lottery is dedicated to continuing to provide and expand on the best-in-class range of identity verification and responsible gambling features to alc.ca players, ensuring the digital channel demonstrates our commitment to healthy play.
In 2021-22, net revenue in the Sports category was $14.8 million, resulting in an increase of $3 million or 25 per cent from 2020-21.
With its new brand image in place for a full fiscal year, PRO•LINE gross sales experienced a 43 per cent jump over the previous record, which was set in 2020-21. Despite the lower profit margins associated with single event sports betting introduced in August 2021, gross gaming revenue also rose to a new all-time high. Additionally, revenues benefitted from the COVID-19-related changes to major league sporting schedules, which led to more games being played and wagered on during 2021-22.
PRO•LINE experienced a 65 per cent increase in online sales, which made up 46 per cent of all betting revenue. PRO•LINE had its first positive annual Net Promoter Score ever at +2.6 per cent. This represents an 8.5 per cent increase over 2020-21. PRO•LINE leads the country in per capita player growth, up nine per cent year-over-year. Active wagering accounts have now tripled over the past five years.
Bricks-and-mortar venues saw 45 per cent of revenue through the digital QR code, up from 39 per cent the previous year. This demonstrates increased player movement toward a digital experience. The proportion of digital sales – the sum of internet and QR revenues – was 71 per cent, which is seven per cent higher than in 2020-21.
Video Lottery net revenue in 2021-22 was reported at $340.9 million, an increase of $48 million or 16 per cent compared to the prior fiscal year. In 2021-22, COVID-19 was the main driver of under-performance as operations were impacted by changing mandates and provincial and regional shutdowns.
Throughout the fiscal year, Video Lottery operations were impacted by several public health directives and closures across the region. As a result, Video Lottery fell short of its budget by $53 million, with a projected impact of $55 million from public safety measures to protect citizens in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Red Shores’ net revenues achieved $17.6 million for 2021-22, a growth of $5.4 million or 45 per cent over the previous fiscal year. While mandated COVID-19 measures remained in place throughout the year, Red Shores was able to modify operations and remain open for most of the year while providing a safe experience for guests. It is estimated Red Shores’ gross gaming revenue (GGR) was reduced by $486,000 due to a 13-day mandated closure. Falling just short of budget, food and beverage was the line of business most impacted by changing mandates.
|Provincial Net Profit*|
|New Brunswick||Newfoundland & Labrador||Nova Scotia||Prince Edward Island|
|Net ticket sales||113,898||95,497||128,639||101,328||128,724||115,179||21,094||18,750|
|Prizes as % of sales||51%||54%||54%||54%||53%||54%||56%||56%|
|New video lottery receipts||115,167||108,253||105,257||77,420||102,991||91,270||20,475||15,885|
|Entertainment centre revenue||-||-||-||-||-||-||17,609||12,021|
|Gross profit as % of net revenue||83%||83%||79%||80%||83%||83%||85%||85%|
|Operating and administrative expenses||28,336||27,677||27,699||26,668||29,513||30,181||18,727||16,802|
|Operating expenses as % of net revenue||12%||14%||12%||15%||13%||15%||32%||36%|
|Other expenses and distributions||15,247||14,198||15,905||13,682||14,829||12,255||4,752||4,536|
|Net profits as % of net revenue||61%||58%||58%||53%||60%||58%||40%||32%|
|Number of lottery retail terminals||816||820||839||855||986||998||155||154|
|Number of video lottery terminals||1,741||1,846||1,855||1,920||1,9531||1,9311||299||301|
|Profit distribution per capita2||216||189||314||219||172||152||177||120|
1 Does not include First Nations sites
2 Includes Atlantic Canadians aged 19+ only
* Provincial Net Profit is based on Atlantic Lottery's non-consolidated financial statements
* Figures are rounded
|Corporate Net Profit *|
|Net ticket sales||392,355||330,754||304,846||325,137||297,395|
|Prizes as % of sales||53%||54%||57%||56%||57%|
|New video lottery receipts||343,890||292,828||397,581||420,879||439,136|
|Entertainment centre revenue||17,609||12,021||18,688||18,819||19,626|
|Gross profit as % of net revenue||82%||82%||81%||81%||80%|
|Operating and administrative expenses||104,275||101,328||108,793||110,173||101,562|
|Other expenses and distributions||50,734||44,671||48,752||55,265||55,348|
|Net profits as % of net revenue||58%||55%||55%||55%||55%|
|Number of lottery retail terminals||2,796||2,827||2,896||2,948||2,977|
|Number of video lottery terminals||5,848 1||5,998 1||6,301 1||6,276 1||6,317 1|
1 Does not include Nova Scotia First Nations sites
* Corporate Net Profit is based on Atlantic Lottery's consolidated financial statements
* Figures are rounded